Unit 2 Week 3
"Stones, Bones & Petroglyphs"
graphic sources: visual representations of information such as charts, graphs, maps, illustrations, or time lines.
text structure: the way an author organizes a piece of writing such as cause/effect, problem/solution, sequence, or compare/contrast.
dialogue: a conversation between two or more people in a book, play, movie, or TV show. Dialogue can be either written out or spoken aloud.
alcoves: small rooms opening out of larger rooms
decades: periods of ten years
obsidian: a hard, dark, glassy rock formed from cool lava
prehistoric: from a time before recorded history
pueblo: a Native American village
trowels: flat-bladed tools used for spreading mortar
Verbs: the main word in the predicate of a sentence. Verbs tell what the subject is or does.
There are two major types of verbs...
Action verbs tell what the subject does (run, jump, dance, sing, laugh, dream, wish, hope).
Linking verbs join the subject with a word(s) in the predicate that tell what the subject is or is like. Linking verbs are often forms of the verb "to be" (is, am, was, were, are, be, being, been). The following words can also be linking verbs:
become, seem appear, feel, taste, smell, and look.
A predicate nominative is a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb and indentifies or explains the subject.
Sample sentence: The rock is an artifact.
Complete subject = The rock
Simple subject = rock
Complete predicate = is an artifact
Simple predicate (a linking verb in this case) = is
Predicate nominative = artifact
final syllable patterns:
-or vs. -er
-al vs. -le
-on vs. -en
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